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Book Title: Le Malade imaginaire|
The size of the: 726 KB
Date of issue: 1998
ISBN 13: 9782038716665
The author of the book: Molière
Format files: PDF
Read full description of the books:Le Malade imaginaire est la dernière comédie et en même temps la dernière pièce écrite par Molière. Il s'agit d'une comédie-ballet en trois actes.
Dans la satire outrageante de Molière sur la médecine et ses praticiens on peut dire que le riche Argan “jouit” d'une mauvaise santé. Les laxatifs, suppositoires, saignées, et les opinions deuxième et troisième des charlatans éminents sont à l'ordre du jour et l’enfer de Toinette, sa servante qui ose lui contredire. Sa fille Angélique est amoureuse de Cléante, mais Argan veut la marier à Thomas Diafoirus, un médecin qui ne vaut rien, qui peut assurer à son beau-père des soins de santé pour la durée de sa vie. Cléante se déguise en professeur de musique pour pouvoir voir son amour, mais Béline, la deuxième épouse d’Argan, menace de les dénoncer. Une Toinette déguisée, des sages conseils de son frère Béralde, et une scène de mort truquée, vont enfin montrer à Argan qui il peut faire confiance.
Read information about the authorJean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his stage name, Molière, was a French playwright and actor who is considered one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known dramas are Le Misanthrope, (The Misanthrope), L'Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives), Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite), L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge (The Miser), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman).
From a prosperous family and having studied at the Jesuit Clermont College (now Lycée Louis-le-Grand), Molière was well suited to begin a life in the theatre. Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped to polish his comic abilities while he also began writing, combining Commedia dell'Arte elements with the more refined French comedy.
Through the patronage of a few aristocrats including the brother of Louis XIV, Molière procured a command performance before the King at the Louvre. Performing a classic play by Pierre Corneille and a farce of his own, Le Docteur amoureux (The Doctor in Love), Molière was granted the use of Salle du Petit-Bourbon at the Louvre, a spacious room appointed for theatrical performances. Later, Molière was granted the use of the Palais-Royal. In both locations he found success among the Parisians with plays such as Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected Ladies), L'École des maris (The School for Husbands) and L'École des femmes (The School for Wives). This royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title "Troupe du Roi" (The King's Troupe). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.
Though he received the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticisms from moralists and the Church. Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) and its attack on religious hypocrisy roundly received condemnations from the Church while Don Juan was banned from performance. Molière's hard work in so many theatrical capacities began to take its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan. He finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. In his time in Paris, Molière had completely reformed French comedy.
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